Can King County’s “Health Through Housing” Plan Make a Visible Dent in Homelessness?

King County Executive Dow Constantine

By Erica C. Barnett

King County Executive Dow Constantine drew his first significant challenger this year in state Sen. Joe Nguyen (D-34), who’s running at the three-term incumbent from the left. So it would be easy to conclude that Constantine’s big push to announce the purchase of hotels around the county for housing and shelter—five since May, including three in the last three weeks—is timed to capture support and votes in the August 3 primary election, paving the way for yet another big win in November.

And maybe it is. But the purchases also represent a major shift in policy for the region, one that could make a noticeable dent in the number of people sleeping outdoors across the county. The first big difference from previous policy: The county is buying, not renting, the buildings, using revenues from a new countywide sales tax, branded Health Through Housing, to fund the purchases and pay for ongoing services for the people who will live in the former hotel rooms.

That means that unlike the city of Seattle, which is renting two hotels for ten months, the county’s placements won’t come with an end date, creating flexibility for people to stay there for a few weeks to years, depending on their needs.

“Nobody who comes here needs to fear that they’re going to be cast back out on the streets. If this is the right fit for you, you could stay here for a very long time.” —King County Executive Dow Constantine

“It is not intended to be the forever home for everyone who comes here,” Constantine said during a press tour of a newly purchased Holiday Inn Express in North Seattle earlier this month. “What we want is for people to be able to move past this kind of assistance and onto more self sufficiency.” But, he added, “Nobody who comes here needs to fear that they’re going to be cast back out on the streets. …If this is the right fit for you, you could stay here for a very long time.”

Capital costs (purchasing and retrofitting the buildings to serve as long-term shelter and housing) will make up, at minimum, 60 percent of spending on the hotels, with the rest reserved for behavioral health and “housing-related services” under the legislation that authorized King County to impose the tax. “It’s one thing to purchase the property, which is an expensive endeavor,” Auburn Mayor Nancy Backus said during a Monday press briefing inside a 102-room former Clarion Inn the county just purchased in that city. “But more important, after that, is to ensure that those services continue.” 

The second difference is that the hotels are opening all over the region, not just in Seattle—including in cities that have adopted policies that are starkly at odds with the concept of regionalism, such as Renton’s efforts to ban emergency shelter and Auburn’s vote to criminalize sleeping in public spaces. The hotels are generally in areas that already allow hotels or housing, which means they won’t be subject to the kind of lengthy zoning debates that can doom projects that serve unsheltered people.

The concept of a “regional approach to homelessness” has been beset from the beginning by objections from suburban cities and rural areas, who argue that homelessness in their communities requires a unique approach, which is usually code for “not what Seattle is doing.”

Whether the hotel purchases represent a true change of heart by suburban cities remains to be seen. The concept of a “regional approach to homelessness” has been beset from the beginning by objections from suburban cities and rural areas, who argue that homelessness in their communities requires a unique approach, which is usually code for “not what Seattle is doing.”

The new King County Regional Homelessness authority is already hard at work on multiple “sub-regional plans” for various parts of the county, including South King County, the Eastside, and the Snoqualmie Valley, according to RHA CEO Marc Dones. This suggests that the main “transformation” the new authority will achieve, at least in the short term, is administrative: Seattle’s homelessness division will cease to exist, and the county and city’s efforts (and funding) will move to new authority.

Auburn Mayor Nancy Backus

On Tuesday, Backus said she hoped that there wouldn’t be an excessive number of sub-regional plans, but argued that relatively affordable cities in South King County require a different approach than a large, expensive city like Seattle, particularly when it comes to keep people from becoming homeless in the first place.

“I’ve often said that what works in Auburn won’t work in Seattle, and what works in Seattle won’t work in Bellevue,” Backus said. Those differences, she said, include things like the new criminal penalty for sleeping in public spaces—a proposal that likely wouldn’t fly in Seattle, and was controversial even in Auburn. Backus said “members of the Puyallup Tribe” have complained that garbage from encampments in wetlands are getting caught in their fish traps, for example. “It’s not OK. We are damaging the land,” Backus said.

The hotels, which will eventually increase the county’s shelter capacity by 1,600 rooms, aren’t going to provide enough rooms to bring the 7,000 or so people living unsheltered in King County inside. And it isn’t like the county can keep buying hotels indefinitely; the purchases are a product of the COVID-19 pandemic, which hit the hospitality industry hard and put many hotel buildings on the market. On Thursday, a spokesman for Constantine’s office said they would be putting a pause on new hotel announcements after one more next week

Building permanent housing, Constantine noted Monday, costs about $400,000 a unit, compared to around $115,000 a room for the hotel the county announced Monday. But even 1,600 new hotel rooms may be enough, in combination with 1,300 new housing vouchers and the 500-cubicle enhanced shelter that opened earlier this year in SoDo, to make a noticeable difference.

Constantine—who won’t say whether he supports the “Compassion Seattle” charter amendment—says he was disappointed when several suburban cities opted out of the Health Through Housing tax, and when Auburn passed the law making it a crime to sleep outside. But he says Seattle’s “hands-off” approach to homelessness has also been an issue. He hopes the city will set up sanctioned encampments “until more indoor space is available,” with rules and codes of conduct that residents must follow. “The  public is becoming very weary of chaos and disorder,” Constantine said. “And that’s eroding the support for helping people—that folks have just gotten fed up.”

5 thoughts on “Can King County’s “Health Through Housing” Plan Make a Visible Dent in Homelessness?”

  1. In before any capitalists argue that this is just another Freeattle giveaway…

    Q for any true believers, though…if capitalism is all that, why is no one meeting the need for market rate housing or mixed-use developments that could get people off the streets for what time they need? Does anyone think encampments are good for property values, the most sacred metric for Seattleites? Or would it be better to get the working poor (many of those unhoused folks have jobs or are looking for one) into a stable situation where they can be hired or be less stressed/more present in their work?

    1. everyone’s a capitalist until parking gets involved, and poor people try to move in next door

    2. Paul: 1. This country began transitioning away from Capitalism between 1890 and 1930, so that today 100 years later we have nothing close to Capitalism. So stop having nightmares about it. 2. Housing prices are set by supply, demand , and government interference in the market. Builders are not going to construct housing unless they can make some money from it. They will just go build somewhere else, like Texas and Florida. 3. No homeless person is stuck in Seattle. They are only here for the free stuff. I have hopped freight trains all over the country and the homeless can go anywhere they want for free. 4. Handing out more free stuff is the exact opposite of what needs to happen, but it is amusing to watch you as you fail miserably. Steve Willie.

      1. 1. What definition of capitalism are you using that you believe that we haven’t seen it since the 1930s? You mention taking an economics course; what course, professional, or school teaches this as history?

        3. Most folks who are homeless in this area are from this area; in One Night Counts, surveys, and other data form requests, the amount of folks from somewhere else first is around 20%. And Freattle really isn’t; we are in one of the worst places rn for mental health care, and EBT.

        Just because the difficult and dangerous behavior of hopping trains worked for you does not mean it’s either free or something other people could or would want to do.

        (People always talk about Freattle but the “free stuff” is generally the same stuff as any state; EBT (food stamps), Medicaid, cash assistance sometimes, oh and occasionally, people will bring you food or )slip you a buck or two.)

        4. We spend a ton less on solving this problem than other cities our size…the last estimate in a study a year or two ago was that we would need to almost double our spending to be actually effective and catch up to other cities.

    3. Paulbeard: you have no idea what you are talking about. I guarantee you have never taken a real course in economics. Your supposed solutions will only make the problem worse. But please keep yack, yack, yacking if only for my own amusement. Steve Willie.

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